Central Vista Redevelopment Project

Three dimensional view of new central vista complex

History of the Central Vista

The Central Vista is an administrative core complex of the capital city of the largest democratic country in the world India, metropolis New Delhi built in the year 1931 which was designed by Sir Herbert Baker and Sir Edwin Lutyens during British India as a new capital of the country comprising with five most significant buildings in the country, the central avenue running from the House of Indian President on Raisina Hill, Rashtrapati Bhavan to Mayor Dhyan Chand National Stadium formerly known as National Stadium known as Raj path and a monument, India Gate – All India War Memorial.

The original Central Vista comprises

The five original buildings in the central vista is the Viceroy’s house later known to be as Government house now as a Presidential Palace, Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Secretariat building consists of two blocks namely the North block which is functioning as the Ministry of Finance and South block which is functioning as the Ministry of External Affairs, the Council House now called the Parliament House also known as Sansad Bhavan in Hindi which located in Sansad Marg that crosses the Central vista which accommodates the two houses of the bicameral parliament of India namely Lok Sabha, the lower house of the parliament and Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the parliament, the Record Office now known as The National Archives of India (NAI) functioning under the Ministry of Culture operates as a repository for the records of Government of India for the usage of administrators and scholars and the All India War Memorial is located on the ceremonial axis’s eastern edge astride the Rajpath is formerly known as Kingsway.

First Five buildings of the Central Vista complex built in 1931

Inadequate Space for Offices

Post-independence of the Indian sub-continent rises the demand for various new administrative building for the independent and a new country formed in the year 1947. The demand made the government of India build various new central vista buildings along and around central vista avenue. During World War 2 built numerous temporary structures as military barracks across the central vista’s precious land of approximately 90 acres of spread used as Offices for the new government.  The government of India governs the country with 51 ministries but all the ministry don’t house their office within the Central Vista, the major reason behind the condition is inadequate space for all the ministries. Out of 51 ministries of the Indian government only 22 ministries house in Central Vista.

Public Spaces in Central Vista

Sir Edwin Lutyens designed the modern imperial administrative capital around the central ceremonial axis being the large wide axis road, boulevard calling it as Kingsway now as Rajpath with the public spaces and landscape with huge lawns lined on both the sides of the avenue along rows of trees and canals. Rajpath is the most significant road in the country India where takes place the annual Republic Day parade on January 26th, which suffers from the improper design of landscape and spaces for the huge public crowd in current demand for the situation and being stressed for the public to use this long axis road. The government of India needs to develop and improve the central avenue with wide-ranging facility upgrade for both the public and administration and legislation gatherings.

New Development Project

Council of Architecture (COA), constitutional body of government of India to regulate the standard practice of architecture in India set up a competition for the Central Vista Redevelopment project with a certain condition that India Gate be the tallest among all other building in the Central Vista complex without modifying the present India Gate monument. The new Central Vista redevelopment project strengthens the grandeur of the iconic central vista complex with grand new administrative buildings and public spaces while maintaining the heritage of the Indian nation. The new administrative building will be sustainable with modern upgraded facilities of cultural institutions. The architectural character of the heritage building will be protected while its expanded and improved with public spaces along the central vista axis and revives the grandeur and quality of geometry of the complex by the side of enhancing the essential functions of the Indian government.

Buildings to be demolished in the Central Vista complex

Components of Central Vista Project

There is various new building is to be built in the Central Vista project along with repurposing the existing structures which is considered to be iconic structures but having inadequate space for present function of Indian administration while some of the buildings are retained in their present form which is considered to be in a good form and some buildings are to be demolished and its functioning are to be shifted to the new buildings to be built within the complex.

New Structures to be built

  • Central Vista Avenue – Rajpath to be built entirely new
  • Common Central Secretariat – Repurposing the old secretariat
  • Central Conference Centre
  • New residence and office for Vice president – Demolishing the old residence
  • New residence and office for Prime Minister - Demolishing the old residence
  • New facilities for IGNCA - Demolishing the present Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts

Structures to be repurposed

  • Old Parliament Building – Building new Parliament Building
  • Secretariat North and South block – Building new Common Central Secretariat
  • Presidential Gardens

Structures to be retained

  • Rashtrapati Bhavan
  • India Gate
  • National War Memorial

Structures to be demolished

  • Annexe building of National Archives
  • Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Bhavan
  • Krishi Bhavan
  • National Museum of India
  • Nirman Bhavan
  • Raksha Bhavan
  • Shastri Bhawan
  • Udyog Bhavan
  • UpaRastrapathi Bhavan - Vice President's residence
  • Vigyan Bhavan – Premier Convention centre 

Awarding the Contract

Among the six finalist bidders, HCP Design Planning and Management Pvt. Ltd won the competition led by Bimal Patel of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The various individual bidding process is conducted for various components of the entire Central Vista project. Two of the components of the project have been awarded to the contractors as far as May 2021. One among the component, the New Parliament building going to be built in 6,94,270 square feet of total built-up area which is awarded to TATA projects by Central Public Works Department (CPWD) governed by the Ministry of Urban Development of Government of India in September 2020 for the cost of ₹862 crores and in January 2021 began construction. The other one being Central Vista Avenue, 3km long to be redeveloped with bridges, footpaths, parking lots, greeneries, benches along with the maintenance for 5 years has been awarded to the Mumbai based conglomerate company Shapoorji Pallonji Group.

8 Comentarios

  1. Great Information about Central Vista.

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  2. Replies
    1. Thank you for your comments. Our best wishes for your upcoming projects.

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  3. In this pandemic, investing in this project seems to be wrong. But this makes the city even more beautiful

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  4. The Central Vista Project envisages redeveloping Central Vista as a world-class public space, restoring its grandeur as an architectural icon, housing modern facilities for the efficient functioning of the administration, strengthening cultural institutions and commemorating 75th year of Indian Independence.

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